Madras High Court

High Court of Judicature at Madras

      The High Court of Judicature at Madras, one of the three High Courts in India established at the Presidency Towns by Letters Patent granted by Her Majesty Queen Victoria, bearing date 26th June 1862, is the highest Court in the State of Tamil Nadu, exercising Original Jurisdiction over the City of Madras and Appellate Jurisdiction over the entire State as well as extra-ordinary Original Jurisdiction, Civil and Criminal, under the Letters Patent and Special Original Jurisdiction for the issue of writs under the Constitution of India.  

      The Hon’ble The Chief Justice is the Head of the Judiciary with powers of administration of the High Court and of the Administration of Justice throughout the State. The Hon’ble Chief Justice is in charge of the general policy adopted in the Administration of Justice. In addition to the Chief Justice, there are 54 Hon’ble Judges in Madras High Court. The administration of Justice in the Civil and Criminal Courts in the districts constituted under the Civil Courts Act and the Code of Criminal Procedure respectively is carried on by the following categories of Judicial officers.  

                 a) District Judges.          
                 b) Subordinate Judges   
                 c) District Munsifs         

                 a) Sessions Judges 
                 b) Chief Judicial Magistrates    
                 c) Assistant Sessions Judges    
                 d) Judicial Magistrates     


Statue of ManuNeethi Chozhan...Madras High Court

      In the City of Madras, the Civil Courts are constituted under the Madras City Civil Court Act with Principal Judge, Additional Judges, Assistant Judges and a Registrar with administrative functions. Court of Small Causes, Labour Court, Industrial Tribunal, State Transport Appellate Tribunal, Special Court under EC & NDPS Act, Special Court under TNPID Act and Mahalir Neethimandram are also Courts functioning in the city of Chennai. Criminal Courts are constituted with Chief Metropolitan Magistrate and Metropolitan Magistrates.

      The work of the High Court, both Judicial and Administrative, in view of the variety and magnitude of the subject, requires the assistance of Gazetted Officers and other staff.

      The Registrar General is the Chief Gazetted Officer. He exercises supervision and control over the establishment of the High Court on the Original and Appellate Sides. The duties of the Registrar General are mainly administrative and supervisory, the judicial functions having been delegated to other Officers. The Registrar (Administration), Registrar (Judicial), Registrar (Vigilance) and Registrar (Management) assist in the administrative work. The Registrar General and other Registrars scrutinize the files on all administrative matters circulated to the Hon’ble the Chief Justice and Hon’ble Judges. The notes in files on all administrative matters circulated to the Honourable Judges for orders are scrutinized and passed by them. They also arrange the meeting of the Honourable Judges under the directions of the Honourable the Chief Justice, for decision in all important matters.


Tamil Nadu State Judicial Academy

      The Judicial work of the High Court, relating to civil and criminal matters, original and appellate, is comprised of the Appeal Examiners Section, Filing Section, Notice Section, Posting Section, Translation and Printing Department, Vernacular Records Section, English Records Section, Court Officers Section, Personal Assistant to Honourable Judges Section and the Supreme Court Section.
      The Madurai Bench of the Madras High Court was inaugurated on 24.07.2004 and functioning since then. The Tamil Nadu Mediation and Conciliation Centre and Indian Law Institute are located at the ground floor of the western wing of the High Court buildings. High Court Museum is located in the ground floor of the northern wing of the High Court building. Tamil Nadu State Judicial Academy to train the Judicial Officers is located in Greenways Road, Chennai. A branch of the Government Press is located in the High Court compound for printing the Cause Lists for the High Court.

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